Why India for Food Grains?
- India is the second largest producer of food grains globally
- India houses numerous varieties of cereals and pulses that are largely consumed
domestically. However, especially rice like basmati have made a mark in the global
markets as well.
- As per 3 rd Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during 2016-17 is
- Food grains – 273.38 million tonnes
- Rice – 109.15 million tonnes
- Wheat – 97.44 million tonnes
- Coarse Cereals – 44.39 million tonnes
- Maize – 26.14 million tonnes
- Pulses – 22.40 million tonnes
- India witnesses nearly 5% wastage in cereals majorly due to lack of storage
infrastructure and primitive grain handling mechanism. To reduce this wastage level and
fulfill the increasing demand for grains and its processed forms, India needs adequate
infrastructure, processing facility and research & development in this area.